Unprecedented New Map Unveils Illegal Mining Destroying Amazon
Category: Nature
Tags: Nature Amazon Mining

Unprecedented New Map Unveils Illegal Mining Destroying Amazon

December 12, 2018

Lorraine Chow, EcoWatch
Waking Times

first-of-its-kind map has unveiled widespread environmental damage and contamination of the Amazon rainforest caused by the rise illegal mining.

The survey, released Monday by the Amazon Socio-Environmental Geo-Referenced Information Project (RAISG), identifies at least 2,312 sites and 245 areas of prospecting or extraction of minerals such as gold, diamonds and coltan in six Amazonian countries—Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela. It also identified 30 rivers affected by mining and related activities.



“The scope of illegal mining in the Amazon, especially in indigenous territories and protected natural areas, has grown exponentially in recent years, with the rise in the price of gold,” said Beto Ricardo, head of the RAISG, in an accompanying report about the map.

Survey reveals more than 2,000 points and 200 illegal mining areas in six Amazonian countries.RAISG

The map is a compilation of primary information from RAISG partners, analysis of satellite images and news stories published in the six countries up to 2017.

“The problem is worse than at any other time in history,” Alicia Rolla, one of the coordinators at RAISG, told theNew York Times. “We wanted to give visibility to the enormity of an issue that doesn’t respect borders.”


Of the 245 identified extraction areas, 110 sites were in Peru’s Madre de Dios region—ground zero of the country’s gold rush, and home of the massive and rapidly expanding “La Pampa” illegal gold mine. This formerly lush Amazonian department contained the “most pronounced degradation caused by gold prospecting,” the report said.

Small-scale gold mining operations involves the use of mercury to separate gold from grit. When the toxic metal is released into the soil or bodies of water, it can enter the food chain and lead to health problems for local and indigenous communities, as Reuters noted.

“Illegal mining can kill us,” Agustin Ojeda, an indigenous leader of Venezuela’s Shirian people, said in the RAISG report.

“The mining wells allow for the reproduction of mosquitoes that bring diseases, such as malaria. The effect of mercury on water isn’t taken seriously either. It not only contaminates water but also the fish we eat,” he explained.

According to the RAISG report:

“In Peru, preliminary results from a study by CINCIA reveal that mercury levels in fish are 43 percent higher in wells abandoned by gold mining than in areas where there is no gold prospecting. Samples of fish were collected in seven lakes in the abandoned mining areas of Maze, Tambopata, Madre de Dios and Inambari. In addition, fish samples were collected in two lakes or riverside lagoons and a river in the Manu National Park, as a control area with no mining activity.”

Nilo D’Avila, campaigns director at Greenpeace Brazil, told the Guardian that the RAISG map confirmed his own research showing garimpo—or artisanal mining for gold and other minerals in Amazon forests and riversis increasing.




“There is a garimpo epidemic in Brazil,” he said. “We are talking about impact on biodiversity and forests, we are talking about the use of mercury, we are talking about stealing riches from indigenous people and from Brazil.”

One of the affected most affected by mining is Yanomami territory, which extends between Brazil and Venezuela. It contained 55 illegal mining sites in protected areas, the map showed.

The map was released just weeks before Brazil’s president-elect, Jair Bolsonaro, takes office next month. Environmental groups have raised concerns about what his presidency could mean for the future of the Amazon, as Bolsonaro has promised to open more of the rainforest to development.

“Illegal mining is a serious threat to the Amazon rainforest and the indigenous peoples who call it home,” Moira Birss, spokeswoman for Amazon Watch told Reuters.

“This report provides important new data and clearly demonstrates the scope of the problem, and as such is a call to action to regional governments and the companies that purchase the illegally-mined minerals to take bold, concrete action to stop the destruction.”

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Plants in the Wheel of the Year - December
Category: Nature
Tags: Plants Wheel of the Year December Herbs Trees Celts Witches Druids Mistletoe Holly Parsifal

Plants in the Wheel of the Year - December
Herbs in December are Mistletoe and Holly

Celtic Wheel Of The Year is a mixed media by Kristen Fox


In the Wheel Of The Year we are now in the time of the greatest darkness, which is celebrated with Holy Fires.

At Midwinter the rebirth of the Sun God Mabon is celebrated.

During the Winter Solstice, the Holly King hands over his crown to the Oak King, who from now on will lead the world into light and warmth.


'The return to Nature, the conscious experience of not being separated, but a part of it, has given me a deep inner Peace that I no longer want to miss.

So the Rituals that I celebrate for the eight celebrations in The Wheel Of The Year are an integral part of my calendar.

The Solstices and Equinoxes as well as the four Fire Fetivals Samhain, Imbolc, Baltane and Lughnasad help me to consciously perceive the changing and recurring Seasons, but also open my mind to the Inner worlds, the truths that lie behind the obvious, and connect me with the 'Other World', the Realm of the Gods and Goddesses, the home of Nature Spirits and Elemental Spirits of the Ancestors.

Here I find advice, knowledge and enlightenment, which I can use to lead a responsible life in the Here and Now'.

 - parsifalrain, December 1

Nature has given us her strength since time immemorial.

Let us accept this gift gratefully !

Energetically, Mistletoe, Holly and other evergreen Plants are expressions of immortality and eternal Life.


Mistletoe, Viscum album;

Sandalwood (Santalales); Dicotyledons; Angiosperms; family of Seed Plants (Spermatophyta), Mistel

Mistletoe is a wondrous Plant that only becomes visible in the Winter Months, when the Trees are bare.

It is dioecious, which means that each Plant has either male or female Flowers.

The mysterious Mistletoe has fascinated mankind for a very long time.

It was considered the most important magic Plant of the Celtic Druids.

Many Stories and Myths entwine around the mysterious Mistletoe - popular names reveal its high power.

The light germinator Mistletoe was also called Witch's nest, Witch's bush, Devil's seed, Devil's broom, Truden's nest or Alp-Twine (Alp= Elfish being).


Since time immemorial, Mistletoe has been used to cook ointments and brews that promote fertility, expel ulcers (Mistletoe is used in modern cancer therapy), or help against the epilepsy (typical 'Shamanic dis-ease').

The special thing about Mistletoe is that it grows against time.

It grows green and fructiferous in Winter.

The fact that it lives high up in the Trees as a semi-parasite has always impressed people.

Even today the Mistletoe branches are hung up as protection.

Mistletoe often grows on Trees in 'difficult' locations.

In places with increased earth radiation or at water vein crossings.

Plants that grow in such locations are also able to solve exactly these problems.

The smudging of Mistletoe can transform negative vibrations into positive vibrancies.

Mistletoe also has an important place in cancer therapy.

It has been shown to inhibit tumor growth.


specific features

The Leaves are evergreen and continue to grow over the Years before they fall off without wilting and do not have a typical upper or lower surface.


Their growth is extremely slow and only begins after two Years with the first Leaves.

The first Flowers are visible after 6 - 7 Years.

It grows in Winter and Spring.

The Mistletoe rests from June to Winter.


The Mistletoe has a round shape and has no orientating relation to Earth or the horizon.

Between May and July the Mistletoe carries out daily small twisting movements of the Leaves and branches to align itself (to find its own centre), which results in its spherical growth.


The translucent to creamy-yellowish (depending on the host Plant), fleshy, 6 - 10 mm large Berry Fruits (false Berries) with only one to two seeds/embryos can be seen from September to January.

However, these Fruits alone cannot sprout.

For this they need the help of birds.

Some bird species play an important role.


The Mistletoe embryos are very resistant, they can stick to the Trees during the Winter and then sprout in Spring.

For their development they need about 9 Months.

They develop particularly well on young host Trees or branches.


Mistletoes can live up to 30 Years.

The Latin name Viscum means glue and refers to the sticky flesh of the Fruit (also called bird glue).


Fairy Tales and Myths

At the time of the Winter Solstice and as a Christmas decoration, it is also often hung on the front doors to protect the house from damage, especially in the Twelve Days After Christmas.

Anyone who kisses under Mistletoes should become a happy couple.


Pliny, the Roman historian who lived in the first Century after Christ, describes in detail how the Druids worshipped Mistletoe.



'To be a Druid means to preserve, develop and pass on authentic life knowledge'.

- parsifalrain


'Not to be forgotten is the high Mistletoe worship among the Gauls.

The Druids had nothing, so they called their Priests what would have been holier to them than the Mistletoe and the Tree on which it grows, especially if it was a Winter Oak. They regarded everything that grows on this Tree as a gift from Heaven and as a sign that this Tree was chosen by the Gods themselves. ...If necessary, it was then cut off with great solemnity on the sixth day before the new moon, according the Gallic calendar. The Priests, dressed in white, climbed the Tree and cut off the Mistletoe with a Golden Sickle, which was then caught in a white cloak. So great was the pious faith in unimportant things'.


But the History of Mistletoe goes back much further.

Since the megalithic period of the indigenous European Cultures it has been revered as a Cultic Plant and Panacea.

properties and effects



reduces the vascular tension of the blood vessels


Heart strengthening, since the Heart is relieved

metabolically stimulating



Caution: too high doses lead to disturbances in the gastrointestinal tract.


healing purposes

successfully used in cancer therapy

Mistletoe plays an important role especially in cancer therapy, even though it is still controversially discussed.

About 40 - 50% of cancer patients today receive complementary Mistletoe therapy.

Mistletoe therapy was introduced to cancer therapy in 1920 by Rudolf Steiner (founder of anthroposophic medicine).

It is usually used in combination with conventional therapy (chemotherapy, radiotherapy or surgery) and to prevent relapse.

Mistletoe therapy can also begin before conventional therapy.




high blood pressure

If blood pressure is low, Mistletoe can even increase blood pressure, which at first glance sounds like a contradiction.

But since blood pressure is regulated by normalising circulation and strengthening the Heart, it is clear that Mistletoe can help both high and low blood pressure.


cardiac insufficiency

menopausal symptoms



The Mistletoe grows mostly on Fruit Frees, deciduous Trees (likely Linden Trees), more rarely on Firs or Pines.

Mistletoes that grow on Oak Trees are particularly rare - they are considered sacred.

We find Mistletoes in Europe, West Asia up to the Himalayas and North-West Africa.

In North America it is only rarely to be found.

In addition to the demands placed on certain Trees, Mistletoe also depends on a high level of humidity. It therefore occurs in river valleys, floodplains, etc..

The Mistletoe is a semi-parasite; with its anchor root it drills into the wood of the host Plant and takes water and nutrients from it.



collecting tips

The young Branches with the Leaves are collected for medicinal purposes.

The Berries are not added, as they are poisonous.

The best time to collect Misteltoe is Spring or late Autumn.

A magic date for the Mistletoe collection is the Winter Solstice, on December 21.

Attention: The Mistel is protected in some countries and therefore must not be collected!





bitter substances





Mistletoe as a smudging agent

used parts

For Incense we use all parts of Mistletoe


Best on a full Moon or new Moon Night in Autumn or Spring.


effect on smudging

changes slow negative oscillations into brighter higher vibes


has a very strong protective effect

opens the world of dreams to us and lets us better understand dreams

opens our inner worlds by bringing light into the unconscious.

Mistletoe can make us invisible.


Mistletoe as a remedy

Mistletoe plays an important role especially in cancer therapy, even though it is still controversially discussed.

About 40 - 50% of cancer patients today receive complementary Mistletoe therapy.

Mistletoe therapy was introduced to cancer therapy in 1920 by Rudolf Steiner (founder of Anthroposophic medicine).

It is usually used in combination with conventional therapy (chemotherapy, radiotherapy or surgery) and to prevent relapse.

Mistletoe therapy can also begin before conventional therapy.


Mistletoe Tea

Mistletoe Tea must always be prepared cold, as the slightly toxic substances do not dissolve in cold Water and the Tea can therefore be drunk safely, warm Water would also reduce the healing effect.

It is advisable to prepare 1 teaspoon of Mistletoe (without Berries) in about half a litre of cold Water and then let it stand for 5-10 hours before drinking it in sips.

This Mistletoe Tea helps with high blood pressure, arteriosclerosis and a 'restless heart'.

However, it can also be drunk to increase metabolism and digestion.

This Mistletoe Tea also helps with headaches and dizziness, it also strengthens the nerves and reduces menopausal symptoms.

Mistletoe seems to be a real Panacea.


externally as Tea

The Mistletoe cold Extract can be used externally as a compress or for baths.

It helps against varicose veins and lower leg ulcers.

Eczema can also be treated with Mistletoe treatments.

Mistletoe compresses can also be used to relieve rheumatic and neuralgic pain.

External Mistletoe treatments also help against arthrosis.

Mistletoe Tea can be snort to treat hay fever.


determining the age of a Mistletoe

The age of a Mistletoe can be determined very easily.

You simply count the number of Branches from the Trunk to the longest Branch.

Ideally, all Branches are the same 'length' or have the same number of forks.

This also results in the spherical appearance of the Mistletoe.

The reason is the growth behavior of the Mistletoe, it grows every Year by exactly one Branch, each with two new small Branches from a single Branch, or Bud eye.

In my experience this theory is not always correct, sometimes up to four new Branches fork off from a double knot.

Holly - Ilex aquifolium, Holly family, Stechpalme

The wonderfully shiny green, thorny Leaves of Holly are a well-known Christmas motif and we encounter them more often on decorative Christmas articles than growing wild in Nature.

The Holly is a delicate Plant.

There are both male and female varieties, yet it is a male Plant that radiates a strong, active energy.

He does not tolerate too much cold and does not like dryness.

This is why Holly is most commonly found in gardens where he is planted.

As Hedge Plants in the garden they are popular, because they form effective wind, sight and sun protection Hedges.

Growing wild, he is so rare that it is strictly protected.

The effect of Holly is somewhat controversial.

In many books he is mentioned as poisonous.

The red Berries are in any case to be classified as inedible, with the Leaves, opinions differ on this question.

Siegrid Hirsch even says that a Holly Leaf Tea can be called Europe's Mate Tea.


popular names

Christ-Thorn, Forest Thistle (Bush), sometimes called Palm Tree


Stories and Myths

During the Saturnalia, a Festival celebrated in ancient Rome at the end of December, Branches and bouquets of Holly Leaves were presented to express friendship and goodwill.

Of course, there is also a Story that connects Holly with the crucifixion of Jesus.

It is said that the Palm Branches that were scattered when Christ entered Jerusalem were transformed into Holly Branches when people called for the crucifixion of Jesus.

The thorny Branches symbolize the crown of Thorns of Jesus like hardly any other Plant and the blood-red Berries also stand for the blood of Jesus, which he shed for humanity.

To this day, the domestic shrines and the crucifix are decorated with Holly Branches.

Holly Branches attract good Nature Spirits, so a small Shrub should not be missing in the garden.

Like many other prickly Plants, Holly is of course a vibrant protective Plant.

In the past, Holly Branches were nailed to doors and gates because it was thought that all good spirits sought shelter among these Branches and thus protected the house and courtyard, where they found these branches as ken.

The Branches of the Plant were brought into the house - bound as a wreath or bouquet and decorated with red ribbons - because the good spirits of the Forest hide in them over the Winter and in return for the warm place in the good parlour protect the house and courtyard from misfortune.


It could protect against all evil spirits (which got caught in the Thorns) but also against lightning strikes and other negative events.

Therefore the Branches are burned during the Annual Renewal, offered to the fire as a sacrifice.

One promises to the Fire already with the hanging up that it receives the Branches and Foliage later anyway, thus does not have to take these itself by lightning strike or building fire.

The chimneys were also swept with Branches of the Holly, from which it was previously assumed that the Ancestors went in and out through them.

The Holly Branches kept this ancestral entrance pure.

The Holly stands for the God of the dark half of the Year, who was also called Holly King.

But the Holly was also in contact with the Underworld Goddess Hel. (Helheim)


The Holly King and his brother

A Story, which in Heathen circles belongs firmly to the Winter Solstice (Yule), is about the Holly King and the Oak King, two brothers who each reign for half a Year.

The Holly King is the king of the decreasing Year, the dark time.

He reigns after the Summer Solstice until the Winter Solstice.

On the Day of the Winter Solstice he is bid farewell with the burning of Holly Leaves, whereby he takes the darkness with him and the Days can now become longer bright again.

The Holly as a decorative Yule green is just as widespread as the Mistletoe, which is said to have similar properties.


characteristics and mode of action







healing purposes




febrile colds - also with cough and bronchitis

As Bach Flower Extract, Holly, stands for Love.



Wild Holly is extremely rare.

If we find it in the wild, it is in the undergrowth of damp Forests, which are not exposed to too much cold.


collecting tips

As the Holly is strictly protected, only parts of culturally cultivated Plants may be collected.

Only the very young Leaves that have not yet formed spines are used here.

You have to stand clear from the Berries as they are poisonous.

In the past, the Bark of Holly was also used as an antipyretic.



bitter Ilicin, dye Ilixanthin, tannins, gums, glycosides, caffeine, vanillin, minerals, pectins


recipes for healing application

Holly Leaf Tea

Young Leaves are collected and dried quickly.

Pour 250ml of boiling Water over one teaspoon of the dried cabbage.

This Tea helps with fever, but also with constipation, fatigue and general weakness.


Holly Bark Tea

The Tea from the Bark has an even stronger antipyretic effect and was frequently used in the past.


a warning

The poisonous Berries of Holly were considered in the Middle Ages as an ingredient of the 'Witches' Ointments.

In general, Berries and decoctions of Leaves are often found in recipes for 'Witches' Potions, where they are said to have been used 'to cleanse the body and soul'.

Internal use can lead to severe vomiting, miscarriage, and death if improperly dosed.


Therefore, all parts of Holly in the magic of inexperienced handlers should only be used energetically, symbolically or decoratively - not internally or on the body - and never kept within the reach of children or pets !


Plants in the Wheel of the Year - December ... by parain on Scribd


The B.O.L.E. is completely funded by community, managed and maintained by volunteers. Please consider making a contribution so more stories of awakening and alternative views can be shared!





This information is supplied without liability, limit or warranty.

Please note - this healing recipes may be subject to change and are without guarantee – always contact a Medical doctor before the application !


The information in this article has been carefully reviewed by me.

However, I decline any liability for any damage or consequences arising from the use or misuse of the information I have provided.


I do not give any medical advice.

If you have serious health problems, you should refrain from self-medication and seek the advice of a Medical doctor or alternative practitioner.


Some Wild Plants are protected regionally, consult the nature conservation authorities.

Collect only individual Plants, so that the stock remains !

Remember – you can only harvest which belongs to you !


all images from Wikipedia, Wikimedia or self-made unless otherwise stated



Wheel of the Year-Celebration Samhain

Samhain and 'Halloween'

Plants in the Wheel of the Year November



Yule - Midwinter - Winter Solstice - 'Christmas Eve'

Everything is Born out of Darkness

The Twelve Nights After Christmas


deutsche Version hier

Song for today - Wimme - Agálas Johtin (The Eternal Journey)
Category: Nature
Tags: Saari Saami Sámi Culture Europe Máttaráhkká Parsifal Journey Shaman
Wimme Saari - Agálas Johtin (The Eternal Journey)
Joik by Wimme Saari (Album Cugu), sung in Sámi, apparently the oldest Culture in Europe (and alive).
Petroglyphs and archeological findings such as settlements dating from about 10.000 BC can be found in the traditional lands of the Saami who have lived and worked in an area that stretches over the northern parts of the regions now known as Norway, Sweden, Finland, and the Russian Kola Peninsula.

Saami - The ski-going people - Early history

Petroglyphs, Häljesta, Vastmanland, Sweden

Traditional Sámi religion can be described as a polytheistic heathendom.

Due to the largeness of Sápmi, there are differences seen in religious as well as nonreligious aspects of Life.

The oldest beliefs are associated with a close connection to Earth, as depicted in the ancestral rock art.

Pantheism and a strong personal spirituality connected to daily Life are key elements of traditional Sámi spirituality.

As in many Cultures, the Sámi divide the cosmos into upper, middle, and lower worlds. Sacrifices and special rituals allow humans to access the different worlds.

In traditional Sámi belief, the Upper World is associated with the South, warmth, life, and the color white. This is the world of the Sun (female) and the Earth Mother figure Máttaráhkká.

The Middle World can be described as the world of everyday life for the Sámi.

It consists of humans and some animals, such as bears.

The color of the Middle World is red.

The Middle World is separated from the Underworld by a river of blood. This river is crossed in one direction by souls of the dead and in another direction by souls of the newly born as they return to the world of the living. The Underworld is inhabited by creatures that dive such as otters, loons, and seals. It is associated with the North, cold, bubbling springs, deep caves, and the color black.

Chart of the three worlds in ancient Sámi spirituality

Copper carving depicting a Sami shaman (noaidi) with drum, Merĺker, Nord-Trřndelag (1767)

Copper carving depicting a Saami Shaman (noaidi) with drum, Merĺker, Nord-Trřndelag

Keep the Sami Culture alive.
Don't let it die.
We need cultural diversity in this world.
If Culture dies, so will the guidance and the wisdom of our Ancestors.
We will be lost, looking for our native roots.
No mixing.


 - Maybe, one Day we can find our roots again - parsifalrain

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